A Study on Integrated Water Resources Management and King Bhumibol's New Theory on Land and Water Management in Wattananakorn area, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand

Duangrudee Kositgittiwong and Chaiwat Ekkawatpanit

ABSTRACT

Objective - Recently, Thailand has experienced drought and flood frequently. Both drought and flood events have caused loss and damage to agriculture, industry and community areas. Current water management practices may not be sufficient to cope with the risk of drought and flood. The effective water management is needed in Thailand. The Integrated Water Resource Management, IWRM, has been recommended by many related organizations. However, water management in Thailand has not yet been successful due to many reasons from many stakeholders. In 1992, His Majesty the King introduced the concept of the King Bhumibol's New Theory on Land and Water Management which emphasizes a proper land and water management for the optimum benefits.

Methodology/Technique - The study reviews the previous literatures in related areas.

Findings - There are some parts of IWRM and New Theory which are similar to each other. The principle of "Water as a finite and vulnerable resource" of IWRM can be overlapped with the stages of "Guidelines" and "Enough to live on and enough to eat" of New Theory.

Novelty - If the water management is still the top-down idea from the government, the situation will be critical soon. Local governments also agree and going to implement the participation approach. The strong participation of local communities in water management is the most important and will increase self-consciousness and self-sustainability communities.

Type of Paper: Review

Keywords: Integrated Water Resources Management, King Bhumibol's New Theory on Land and Water Management, Local communities, Sustainability

Global Journal of Engineering & Technology Review Conferences 2016-17:
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 1000+ Global Annual Meetings